What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

Fatima Muhammad

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder interpreted by elevated blood sugar levels. Two main types are type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. The former is an autoimmune condition in which the immune system of the affected person fails to produce insulin and type 2 diabetes is associated with insulin resistance.

Type 1 Diabetes:

diabetes type 1

In this disease, affected live long insulin therapy to control blood sugar levels and to prevent complications in the future. It is a chronic disorder where the immune system accidentally attacks the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Its cause is unknown but it is believed to involve genetic factors.


  • Weight loss
  • Excessive thirst
  • Fatigue
  • Frequent urination
  • Increased appetite
  • blind vision
  • Slow healing of cuts and sores
If a person experiences these symptoms repeatedly, that person needs to seek medical attention for proper identification of the disease. It can develop at any age but the majority of cases are diagnosed under the age of 20. It is not limited to a specific age group. A person can control this by a balanced diet, staying hydrated with several exercises, and monitoring sugar levels daily.

Type 2 diabetes:

diabetes type 2

In this disease, the body cells of the affected person don't respond effectively to insulin and the pancreas cannot produce the required insulin to compensate. Poor dietary choices and obesity increase the risk of this disease. It is often diagnosed by a blood test that measures the fasting blood sugar levels. Oral glucose tolerance test.

  • Blind vision
  • Slow wound healing
  • Weakness
By adopting a balanced and rich nutritious diet, the affected person will be able to regulate blood sugar levels. An affected person should gain a healthy weight in managing type 2 diabetes. By understanding the causes, identification of symptoms, and seeking health from healthcare professionals, a person will be able to improve the quality of life while living with type 2 diabetes. 

In conclusion, both of these are complex chronic conditions that require careful attention irrespective of their differences both raise awareness and collaborative efforts between affected persons and healthcare professionals.


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